Title documents on land
What document confirms the right of ownership of real estate in Thailand?
- If we are talking about an apartment, then in this case, option one is a chanote (Chanote). If we are talking about the earth, then everything is much more interesting. In Thailand, there are about 20 different types of legal documents on land. However, if you want to buy a plot of land, then in this case the ideal options will be a chanote. Nor will there be any special problems if you buy land, according to Nor Sor 3, on its basis it is fairly easy to get a chanote in the future. However, the data in Nor Sor 3 may differ from the actual plot area. If you decide to protect the site around the perimeter, you can begin the construction of the fence, only after receiving confirmation from neighbors about the absence of claims to the territory of the site. In the tank, the designated boundaries of the site are determined by the GPS system and approved by the Land Department and, accordingly, are not subject to doubt.
By the way, a very important point, chaotote confirms only the right of ownership of a piece of land, but the fact that it is built on it, in this document does not find any reflection.
- And why not all land in Thailand is cha-ton?
- The fact is that getting a container is associated with certain time and financial costs, which is not necessary for most Thais.
- How visually it can be determined that for this piece of land a chanot is issued?
- Most often the boundaries of such land plots are marked with columns, on which stands the seal of the Land Office and the number of the container.
- That is, to verify that the land that is sold for this particular container is the land shown, it is enough to check the inscriptions on the posts and what is written in the container?
- By and large, it really is. But there is one small subtlety. There was a case when the client asked us to conduct a legal examination of the transaction for the purchase of land near Bangkok. Initially immediately alerted to an unreasonably low price for a piece of land with a convenient location and direct access to the road. But when we left the place, at first glance, everything looked good - the numbers on the columns coincided with those registered in the container, the actual size of the site also coincided with the declared. Afterwards a comprehensive plan of the terrain was received in the Land Department. The result was simply stunning, it turned out that the columns were excavated and transferred to another place where they were dug again, creating the illusion of the buyer that he was buying an excellent land at a great price. And in fact the sold land was surrounded on all sides by fenced areas, without access to the road and without the possibility of holding it.
"It's a rather frightening story, I confess."
- No, there is nothing particularly terrible in this story, it just illustrates very well the fact that it is better to make sure of 100% of the documents' correctness before signing a deal and registering with the Land Department. The cost of time and money to verify the validity of the data of the passenger, the presence of encumbrances on the land, the possibility of building on the land of the house, as well as the contents of the contract of sale are insignificant relative to the value of the property. It is better to contact proven law firms with a solid track record in this area. Experts of our company have already conducted about 90 deals in the Land Department this year, last year this figure was 60. In the last two years, 2009 and 2010, we registered 110 companies. I think this is a good indicator for Pattaya.
- The question that I often hear from Russians who want to buy land - can they buy a single piece of land "for storage," and then divide it among themselves?
- It is much easier to first divide the land into plots, get a chanote for each of them and then make deals in the Land Department. Buy land with subsequent separation and transfer to each of the co-owners is also possible, however, this is an additional registration transfer of ownership, and therefore additional costs.